The main disadvantages of the M18 were its very light armor protection and open-topped turret, and the inconsistent performance of its 76 mm gun against the frontal armor of later German designs such as the Tiger and Panther. [27], The M18 Hellcat was a key element during World War II in the Battle of the Bulge. Its power came from Wright R-975, a nine-cylinder, 350-to-400-horsepower radial aircraft engine, paired to a three-speed 900T Torqmatic automatic transmission. During the battle for Italy, tank destroyers compensated for a shortage of 155 mm artillery ammunition by using their 3-inch or 76 mm guns in indirect fire role[dubious – discuss]. On 19 September 1944, in the Nancy bridgehead near Arracourt, France, the 704th Tank Destroyer Battalion was attached to the 4th Armored Division. [citation needed]. It used the same Wright R975 engine as the Sherman tank. This tank destroyer comes equipped with a 50mm gun that causes 70 HP of damage, with a d ispersion of 0,39; reload time 2.3 s; aiming time 1.5 s. The gun traverse angles are 10 degrees on each side. Formally called the “3-inch Gun Motor Carriage M10”, it was the most important US tank destroyer of the second world war and it combined a reasonable adequate anti-tank weapon with a turreted platform. Hellcats with serial numbers 1350 and below had the naturally-aspirated R975-C1 engine, which produced 350 horsepower. [25], M18s were “…not primarily used for tank fighting, but were committed more often to improvised roles, usually direct fire support for infantry.” [26]. Significantly extended upgrade system and the ability to leave the tank. 1 Overview 2 Appearances 3 Behind the scenes 4 See also The Tank Destroyer only appeared in the campaign (most prominently the prequel mission Archetype) as an unbuildable unit used by Allied forces. Tankdestroyer.net (Web based United States tank destroyer forces information resource). The M18's new design incorporated several labor saving and innovative maintenance features. They can still lose to Apocalyps… Tank destroyers were often deployed to attack enemy armor at long range from an ambush position. The lower front hull was also 12.7 mm (0.50 in) thick, being angled twice to form a nearly rounded shape; 53 degrees from the vertical and then 24 degrees from the vertical. [4] The speed was attained by keeping armor to a minimum, using the innovative Torqmatic automatic transmission, and by equipping the relatively light vehicle with the same main gun used on the much larger Sherman tank. SU100 tank destroyer. This wallpaper has no comments yet. Originally designed as a tank destroyer, Nimrod became an anti aircraft vehicle instead with a few converted to troop carrier/ambulance. The Military of the Republic of China also operated several M18s until their chassis and hulls were worn out, at which point the turrets were salvaged and installed onto surplus hulls of M42 Duster anti-aircraft vehicles to produce Type 64 light tanks. Although sustained travel at road speeds was hardly ever used outside of the Allied response during the Battle of the Bulge,[29] most Hellcat crews found the higher speeds especially useful in a sprint to flank German tanks, which had relatively slow turret traverse speeds, and such maneuvering allowed the tank destroyer crew to direct a shot into the enemy's thinner side or rear armor. Several changes were made during production. F, M10 Tank Destroyer and SU-85 share an HP value of 1700. Italian tank destroyers were underpowered, thinly armored and few in number. This version was armed with a single M2 machine gun on a flexible mount. [13] The 76 mm gun with standard ammunition could penetrate the frontal turret armor of Panther tanks only at very close ranges,[14] whereas the HVAP ammunition gave it a possibility of effectively engaging some of the heavier German tanks and allowing to penetrate the Panther turret at ranges of about 1,000 m (1,100 yd).[15][16]. SU 100 tank destroyer. A new tank destroyer I made, Im not very creative with names so Im asking you to come up with a name. Many people request this plane (or more likely Helicopter). SU100 tank destroyer. At the time, even thickly armored Allied tanks were unable to withstand most German antitank weapons, so reduction of armor had little negative effect on survival compared to most other Allied tanks of the period. M18s served in tank destroyer battalions supporting US Army infantry divisions in the latter stages of the war, notably in the Philippines and Okinawa. ... and in January 1943 it became the first destroyer to launch an airplane from its own deck. Though equipped with turrets (unlike most self-propelled anti-tank guns of the day), the typical American design was more heavily gunned, but more lightly armored, and thus more maneuverable, than a contemporary tank. Heroes & Generals Wiki is a Fandom Gaming Community. This mass produced tank destroyer was officially known as the "3-inch Gun Motor Carriage (GMC) M10". The reasons behind the reduction (in no particular order) were: Production of M18 Hellcats ran from July 1943 until October 1944, with 2,507 built. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). M18 strength in the European Theatre of Operations varied from 136 in June 1944 to a high of 540 in March 1945. Once developed, the Hellcat was tested in the same manner as passenger cars before and after it, at the General Motors Milford Proving Ground. [19], There were three production contracts for the Hellcat: RAD-563 covered the six pilot models. [34] The hulls of the M18s were dismantled and the turrets were used as gun emplacements in the northern borders of Greece and the Aegean islands. Most of the M18s were retired in the end of 60s but a few of them remained in service till the middle 70s for training. [7] He objected to the 3 inch M10 Gun Motor Carriage because it was too heavy and slow for his needs,[8] and later on to the 90 mm M36 Gun Motor Carriage because it was essentially an M10 with a bigger gun. This site is dedicated to the men that served our country in Tank Destroyers. Near the end of the war, there were so few German tanks that tank destroyers were increasingly used as self-propelled artillery in support of infantry for lack of any other targets. [20][21], The M18 served primarily in Western Europe, but was also present in the Pacific. The only M18 variant produced in significant numbers was the M39 Armored Utility Vehicle, a turretless variation used to transport personnel or cargo or as a gun tractor. The StuG III Ausf. Top speed testing was done on a paved, banked oval and ride quality tests were done over specially developed stretches of bumps. It was not designed to do so, but it proved impossible to seal off the crew compartment entirely from engine induced drafts. This led to a requirement for very fast, well-armed vehicles. The T49 project was cancelled and the second pilot was built with the 75 mm gun as the 75 mm Gun Motor Carriage T67. It has a large anti-tank cannon mounted on a flexible, tracked platform, which is capable of easily destroying enemy tanks, even punching through the heavy armour of Apocalypse tanksand ore miners. M10 was a combination of the Sherman tank’s chassis with the 3-Inch M7 gun, in theory it could penetrate Tiger’s front armor at a distance of 1 km. See more ideas about Tank destroyer, Tanks military, Ww2 tanks. Tank destroyer units were meant to counter German blitzkrieg tactics. The PTL02 (sometimes referred as Type 02) was first introduced in 2002-2003. An M2 Browning machine gun with 800 rounds of ammunition was provided on a flexible ring mount for use against enemy aircraft and infantry. The problem of the main gun performance was remedied with High Velocity Armor Piercing (HVAP) ammunition late in the war, which allowed the 76 mm gun to achieve greater armor penetration, but this was never available in quantity. A Military Channel historian credited the M18 destroyers with 24 kills, including several Tiger tanks, and believes that in part, their ability to "shoot and scoot" at high speed and then reappear elsewhere on the battlefield, confused and slowed the German attack, which finally stalled, leaving the Americans in control of the town overnight.[29]. Originally developed as a self-propelled artillery unit, the addition of a drive system similar to that used in Imperial Heavy tanks saw it reborn as a tank destroyer. An M18 is on display at the Army Heritage and Education Center in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. This thing has: A 75mm Bulldog Cannon, with some impressive elevation/depression angles. Some 650 early production M18s were converted into M39s by removing the turret and fitting seats for up to eight men in the open fighting space. With just four[29] M18 tank destroyers of the 705th Tank Destroyer Battalion to assist, the paratroopers of 1st Battalion of the 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment attacked units of the 2nd Panzer Division, whose mission was to proceed by secondary roads via Monaville (just northwest of Bastogne) to seize a key highway and capture, among other objectives, fuel dumps—for the lack of which the overall German counter-offensive faltered and failed. Find unique gifts and other personal designs in Shapeways Miniatures. He saw a German tank gun muzzle appearing out of the fog 30 feet away, and deployed his platoon. Weapons of the Tankers By Harry Yeide. There are a total of [ 42 ] WW2 Tank Destroyers (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. As Paul Allcock noted, anti-tank guns are field pieces, and as Kim Guldberg notes, an anti-tank gun may be mounted on a tank destroyer, i.e., an armored fighting vehicle that is designed specifically to destroy tanks. Beginning in June 1944, roughly the last 700 Hellcats received the M1A2 gun. It had a higher kill to loss ratio than any other tank or tank destroyer fielded by U.S. forces in World War II.[5][6]. When the Tank Destroyer Force was organized in 1941, their commander, Lieutenant Colonel (later General) Andrew Davis Bruce envisioned the units being equipped with something faster than a tank, with a better gun but less armor to allow for speed; a cruiser rather than a battleship. Worried about the threat to its left flank in Bastogne, it organized a major joint arms attack to seize Noville. U.S. combined arms doctrine on the eve of World War II held that tanks should be designed to fulfill the role of forcing a breakthrough into enemy rear areas. F, M10 Tank Destroyer and SU-85 share an HP value of 1700. "Tank Tactics: From Normandy to Lorraine" by Roman Jarymowycz, Ch. To solve this problem, the 76 mm gun M1 was replaced with the muzzle brake-equipped 76 mm gun M1A2 as soon as it became available; in the interim, the M1A1C gun, threaded for a muzzle brake but not so equipped, was used. One of the platoon's M18s commanded by Sgt Henry R. Hartman knocked out six of the German tanks, most of which were the much-feared Panthers. Medium tanks; Heavy tanks; Tank destroyers; SPAA; Gun boats; Torpedo boats; Torpedo gunboats; Naval ferry barges; Minelayers; Submarines; Submarine chasers; Destroyers; Cruisers; Aircraft carriers; Other ships. [28] On December 19–20, Team Desobry, a battalion-sized tank-infantry task force of the 10th Armored Division was assigned to defend Noville located north-northeast of both Foy and of Bastogne, just 4.36 mi (7.02 km) away. Like all self-propelled tank destroyer battalions, those fitted with the M18 were composed of a headquarters company, reconnaissance company, three gun companies, and a medical detachment. The PTL02 tank destroyer is based on the Type 92 wheeled armored vehicle and is fielded along with the Type 92 infantry fighting vehicles and Type 92 armored personnel carriers. The first SU-57 equipped company to see action was the 16th Separate Tank Destroyer Brigade which took part in the August 1943 Dnepr River Offensive in the Ukraine. [9] The United States Ordnance Corps made several failed attempts to provide said vehicle using the weapons (the 37 mm, 57 mm, 3 inch, 75 mm and finally the lightweight 76 mm of 1942–1943) and technology available, including mounting the 3-inch gun on the fast M3 Light Tank chassis. Initially, these were organized in three Tank Destroyer Regiments numbered 397, 398 and 399. The idea was to use speed and agility as a defense, rather than thick armor, to bring a powerful self-propelled gun into action against enemy tanks. The tank destroyer had a fixed superstructure in place of a rotating turret. Hi everyone! the torsion bar suspension was used for two other American tanks of the late-war era, the. A machine gun on top controlled by the commander, with 45 degrees of traverse. The production plans of the M18 were curtailed to 2,507 vehicles, including the six pilot models. M18s with serial numbers 1351 and above had the internally-modified supercharged R975-C4 engine, which produced 400 horsepower. In August 1944, the SU-57 equipped 19th Brigade fought during the Baranow bridgehead battles in Poland, some units from this brigade then went on to fight in the Berlin and Prague campaigns in April and May 1945. Most of these early vehicles remained at the Buick factory after modification. CH Disk 1 00009 CH Disk 1 00009. [a] Though it weighed about 20 tons, the Hellcat was capable of traveling upwards of 45 mph. While this hindered its ability to engage faster moving targets, the increased support allowed for a larger, more powerful main gun. 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