Not being easily accessible to the major population centre coupled with its extreme weather conditions leaves much of Lut desert easily protected. Yardangs, a Turkish word meaning steep flank, are long ridges formed through wind erosion. Yet more than one billion people, one-sixth of the Earth's population, actually live in desert regions. Settlements are allowed only on the western part of the desert. The property has seven meteorological stations, only one of which, Ziyaratagh-e seyf, is within the property itself. This region has been suffering from a too harsh environmental condition due to its hot, dry climate, lack of fresh water and food supply. magic lut desert we went to this magic desert today. These features are created largely through wind direction, and often form when wind direction changes, thus acting to shape the sand. Departure dates and prices are listed on our website and in our brochure. Desert - Desert - Population and community development and structure: Desert plants and animals have many peculiar adaptations that enable them to survive long periods of moisture shortage and to take maximal advantage of short, infrequent wet periods. Population in Kerman. Instrument: Terra — ASTER. Iran’s Lut Desert is often called the hottest place on Earth—though that depends on how you’re … It is the largest province in the country, taking up about 11% of the country’s land. The Lut (Yallan) Sand Sea is one of approximately 20 sand seas within Iran. In total, the property contains 6,177 people, all of which are considered rural, and the buffer zone contains 12,951 people, of … As you can see below I am making fresh track in the sand of the Lut desert. Two protected areas located in the northwest and southeast are under the management and protection of the Iranian Department of Environment. There are no scientific research facilities within the property itself. Iron ore deposits have been identified within the property, but the State Party has guaranteed that no mining, oil or gas exploration will be undertaken. 2010). Landforms within the property, although not unique to the property, are considered some of the largest and best examples in the world. • The Exhibition will be held from 4 to 9 September The yardangs are so large and impressive that they can be seen easily from space. Lut is particularly significant for the great variety of desert landform types found in a relatively small area. In the same application period LUT offered five Bachelor's programmes in English. 2016: Lut Desert is inscribed as a World Heritage Site under natural criteria vii and viii. New dates – 3 to 11 September 2021 in Marseille. The region itself was known for producing dates, tamarisks, hemp and henna. Helpful. A glass of milk left in the Lut Desert in Iran will not go off: the heat is so intense it kills all the bacteria. (1990). As a result, the ecosystem is susceptible to even the slightest environmental variations. The desert climate or arid climate (in the Köppen climate classification BWh and BWk), is a climate which there is an excess of evaporation over precipitation.The typically bald, rocky, or sandy surfaces in desert climates hold little moisture and evaporate the little rainfall they receive. How the world has changed for America's oldest president: US population was 135 million, country was 89% white and minimum wage was … Despite this, there are abundant remains of ancient civilizations around the edge of the Lut desert. 70.7°C was recorded there in 2005 and the Lut has taken the hottest top spot on several annual occasions since. Lut Desert is one of the world’s driest and hottest places. Estakhri, A. The Shahdad Plain, near the western fringe of the Lut Desert, is thought to have been populated for the last seven thousand years. The yardangs can range from 50m to 1.5 km in width and can be up to 40km in length. Dissolved minerals evaporated from incoming streams result in white efflorescences of crystals and evaporite crusts down river beds, in yardang corridors and in salt pans (playa). The Lut Desert is a large hyper-arid area in the south-east of Iran which in Persian means devoid of water and vegetation. The Lut Desert, or Dasht-e-Lut, is located in the southeast of Iran. They occur over an area of about 120 km long by 65 km wide and can be … The thumbs-up sign (a common indication of satisfaction) is … Geotourism 78–95. The collapse of citrus campuses and many of the region’s palm groves … the degradation of nebkhas and other vegetation for grazing or fuelwood. Additionally, the last decade has seen an increase in the construction of roads, as well as other infrastructure around Shahdad, in part to respond to the growing number of tourists. The property has a unique set of abiotic conditions, ranging from some of the hottest temperatures on the planet and extremely low precipitation rates to strong and persistent winds, resulting in a hyper-arid environment. Vegetation within the property is very limited, both in terms of abundance and diversity. Oct 12, 2006. One of the first descriptions of Khabis is by the 10th Century scholar Estakhri, who in his book ‘Masalek ol Mamalek’ describes Khabis as a small city with water, plenty of trees and fine dates (Estakhri 1990). See the map to the right to see the location and name of each province. Lut Desert lies between 28 and 32 degrees north latitude, 900 kilometers wide and 199,000 square kilometers. 2014). The wind also strips hard rocky outcrops bare of … Nebkha dune fields (dunes formed around plants) are widespread with those at Lut as high as any measured elsewhere. • The IUCN Members’ Assembly will meet from 8 to 10 September Yardangs appear as massive and dramatic corrugations across the landscape with ridges and corridors oriented parallel to the dominant prevailing wind. These areas consist of active dunes some reaching heights of 475 m. These are amongst the largest dunes in the world and are displayed in the Lut Desert in a wide variety of forms, including linear, compound crescentic, star, and funnel shaped. Nebkhas cover approximately 3% of the property. Sie gehört zu den Wendekreiswüsten. The correlation between aridity and sparse population is complex and dynamic, varying by culture, era, and technologies; thus the use of … Migrating birds come to the lake for food and rest, but high evaporation and summer drought causes high salinity conditions in the lake that even increases the thirst of the birds and even their death. There are three organisations involved in the management of the property: the Forests, Range and Watershed Management Organisation, Iranian Department of Environment and the Cultural Heritage, and Handicrafts and Tourism Organisation. The property does not support a particularly large or diverse assemblage of species; however, those species that are present are specialists and several are considered endemic. Black basalt and lava exist in the Galilee Mountains in Israel, high plain regions of Jordan, the Gulf of … Those who brave a visit will soon discover the beautifully strange scenery that make this place one of a kind. It is renowned for its spectacular series of landforms namely the yardangs (massive corrugated ridges) in the west of the property and the sand sea in the east. Other dry-land landforms include extensive hamada (stony desert pavements or reg) usually located on pediment surfaces with wind faceted stones (ventifacts), gullied badlands and alluvial fans (bajada). 2.World-first crossing on foot in 2015 . Satellite image of the Lut Desert (Dasht-e Lut), Iran, the hottest place on earth. stream courses and alluvial terraces. The property itself is devoid of any major conurbations; however, the buffer zone contains or is close to several major towns such as Shahdad in the west, Nosratabad in the east and Dehsalm to the north, and is 100 km away from the Provincial capital of Kerman. The Lut Desert (N: 30o 12’ 58”, E: 58o 50’ 20”) is a hyper-arid region of south eastern Iran that spans three provinces: Kermān, Sistāno Balūchestān and Khorāsān-e Jonūbi. The inaccessibility of the property, in conjunction with the harsh environmental conditions and the relatively low human occupation mean that the site has, to some extent, a ‘self-conservation’ system. Zehzad, B., Kiabi, B.H. There are three organisations that use this office: the Forests, Range and Watershed Management Organisation, the Iranian Department of Environment and the Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organisation. Iran has several desert research stations, the closest of which is the Kerman research station, founded in 1990. Located between Dasht-e Kavir desert and Dasht-e Lut desert, Yazd amazes every traveler with its beauty. The big desert of lut with the area of 5400 km2 is situated in the east and southeast of Iran .In a major part of this desert, there is no animal and vegetable life of any kind.The very beautiful and typical phenomena abound in this desert. Kerman neighbors Lut Desert on the north and east, Bam and Jiroft cities on the south and the cities of Ravar, Zarand, Rafsanjan and Bardesir in the west. Over 5,000 foreign tourists visited Lut Desert last year (ended March 20, 2019), according to Fereydoun Fa’ali. The Lut Desert was the first natural heritage site in Iran to be … Kerman is also located along the Saheb Al Zman mountain .The city is 1,755 m (5,758 ft) above sea level that makes it the third capital city(of a province) in Iran with the highest Elevation. The hyper-arid desert has been identified by NASA as the hottest place on Earth. In addition to these notable physical features within the property, several minor landforms are interspersed throughout the property, for example sandstone tafonis, ventifact rocks and hydro-aeolian columns. Legal protection and management is provided by state level authorities that work under their specific mandates. Important programmes are approved by the National Strategic … (2010). Kaluts are egg-shaped and smaller than other yardangs in terms of height, length and extent. A dreamy stay in a desert camp with full facilities will give you a unique experience. Hello evry one I'm a tour guide and desert driver in lut desert olfor mor information you can text me on WhatsApp +989135794212. An assemblage of Kalutaks in the southwest of the yardangs region of the property have formed the ‘dreamy city of Lut’ (Shahr-e Khialy-ye Lut) so named because it resembles a ruined city when viewed from afar. Three major lute events include the … It is unclear as to which organisation has authority, and over what matters; however, the approval of a recently created Steering Committee has been stated as being required before any management activities are undertaken. & Madjnoonian, H. (2002). Consequently, the area possesses what many experts consider the world’s best examples of aeolian yardang landforms, as well as extensive stony deserts and dune fields. Some are also undercut by floodwaters. Iran City Tour; Iran Sport Tours; Iran Nomad Tour; Multi Country Tour; Iran Luxury Tour; Iran Eco Tours; Iran Religious Tours Read about the two main deserts of Iran Dasht-e Kavir and Lut Desert and places you should visit and learn about all you should know before booking Iran Desert Tours. In addition, the highest temperature ever recorded on earth is 70.7 Celsius degrees and belongs to the Lut desert. Navai, S. (1971). It is the world’s 27th-largest desert, and inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List as the first natural heritage of Iran. In total, the property contains 6,177 people, all of which are considered rural, and the buffer zone contains 12,951 people, of which only 25% are considered rural. Most tourists arrive at the property via Kerman, where there is an international airport, and consequently most visitor facilities are oriented in this direction, though these are outside the property. Hello evry one I'm a tour guide and desert driver in lut desert olfor mor information you can text me on WhatsApp +989135794212. Nebkha formation: Implications for reconstructing environmental changes over the past several centuries in the Ala Shan Plateau, China. The human-based pressures are largely caused by development, e.g. Overall precipitation levels are low as the property is in the rain shadow of several mountain ranges that surround it. Reduced precipitation and higher temperatures are for instance affecting the composition of the property’s biota. The Lut Desert, widely referred to as Dasht-e Lut (Persian: دشت لوت , "Emptiness Plain"), is a large salt desert located in the provinces of Kerman and Sistan and Baluchestan, Iran. The Lut Desert is situated in an interior basin surrounded by mountains, so it is in a rain shadow and, coupled with high temperatures, the climate is hyper-arid. There are several notable physical features of the Shur River, all of which are formed from gypsum and salt crystals. 5 Helpful votes. Furthermore, satellite data has shown that the Lut Desert has had the hottest surface temperatures in the world for two consecutive years, with the desert more broadly often being the largest contiguous area in the world with a surface temperature that can reach above 65oC (Mildrexler 2011). The plant species found within the property are all xerophytic. Archaeological excavations around Shahdad have provided a plethora of interesting objects, ranging from statues, flags, vessels and containers, as well as jewellery. A record 70.7 °C ground temperature was recorded by satellite in 2005. The property also harbours larger species, e.g. This city is the largest city of Iran with 56460 km2 area. In the east rises a great massif of dunes and sand, while in the west an extensive area of … In total, there are 20 staff based in the office, ranging from administration, guides, tourism management, scientific staff and guards. The region has evidence for habitation going back 7,000 years, however this has always been around the periphery of the area, because the aridity of the core zone rendered most of it uninhabitable. Lut Desert some are up to 155 m high and their ridges can be followed for more than 40 km. Several of Iran’s universities specialise in arid environments, particularly Yazd University, Semnan University and Ardakan University. Yardangs are bedrock features carved and streamlined by sandblasting, although they are also eroded by gullying from rainfall runoff and by mass movement. the misonne’s swollen-nose gecko (Rhinogecko misonnei), which may also be endemic to the Lut Desert. Apart from that, the state owns a greater part of Lut desert… Intensive research detailing the unique relationships within this environment; Informing the public through the publication of general articles, detailed research studies, information brochures, and the launching of a website that will present and exchange information about the Lut Desert and about ways its conservation can be accomplished; Organize and participate in exhibitions, seminars, meetings, sessions, and conferences to present conservation measures that have been undertaken, and its achievements. A city that, according to the welcome signboard, should have a population of 8,000, but now has less than two thousand permanent residents, according to residents. Lut Desert: Or Sand and Stone Desert; is located between South Khorasan, Sistan and Baluchestan and Kerman Province; where large amount of sand is always moving southward forming sand hills. These include: Ms Somayeh Zahabnazouri is currently a PhD Graduate in Physical Geography at University of Tehran. Yardangs cover about one third of the nominated area and are developed in consolidated lacustrine sediments (sands, silts, marls, evaporites) of mainly Plio-Pleistocene age that accumulated on the floor of the inland basin. The exact budget of the property is not stated. In order to accomplish this, the supporters of the Lut Desert NGO works with the goal of conservation and sustainable development of its unique environment. (2014). Where sands are trapped around the lee of plants at the slightly wetter margins of the basin, nebkhas form to 12 m or more in height, arguably being the highest in the world. But, compared to Iran’s deserts – such as the Dasht-e Kavir (Great Salt Desert) where 50°C days are common throughout summer, or the Lut desert, home to the world’s hottest recorded temperature of 70.7°C in 2005 – Australia’s deserts pale in comparison. (2006). The principal sources for the above information were the original nomination for World Heritage status, the IUCN evaluation report and the site’s management plan. These landscape-scale processes thus directly result in unique examples of natural geological phenomena of exceptional natural beauty. Tabas city is located in the west of South Khorasan province on the borderline of it and Yazd province. The property has been relatively isolated and unpopulated for millennia, making it a largely pristine environment. The UNESCO World Heritage Committee issued the following Statement of Outstanding Universal Value at the time of inscription: The property Lut Desert is in the southeast of the Islamic Republic of Iran (hereinafter referred to as Iran) and straddles the three Iranian Provinces of Kermān, Sistāno Balūchestān and Khorāsān-e Jonūbi. The Lut Desert protects a globally recognized iconic hot desert landscape, one of the hottest places on earth. Yazd is also the birth place of the Zoroastrian religion thus; it’s very famous for its fire temples. The yardang/kalut landforms are widely considered the best-expressed in the world in terms of extent, unbroken continuity and height. These winds propel 1 mm size quartz sand grains over vast distances across the property, acting as an erosive force. Lut Desert some are up to 155 m high and their ridges can be followed for more than 40 km. English desert and its Romance cognates (including Italian and Portuguese deserto, French désert and Spanish desierto) all come from the ecclesiastical Latin dēsertum (originally "an abandoned place"), a participle of dēserere, "to abandon". The Kerman research station has undertaken substantial research into the Lut Desert, especially on its botany, and has a herbarium of the region’s flora. Parya s wrote a review Nov 2019. Lut Desert consists of dried out kavirs. It is perennial but highly saline by the time it enters the core zone; so its banks are devoid of riparian vegetation and its channel is lined with salt crystals. The spider-tailed horned viper is one of a kind reptile native to the … The Shur River is a large drainage basin that flows into the Lut desert from the North-west Mountains of Birjand and continues eastward into the yardangs region (Yazdi et al. It is the world’s 27th-largest desert, and inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List as the first natural heritage of Iran. Iran shares several of the species from among its diverse array of native reptiles with other countries in the Middle East and the Arabian Peninsula, as well as those in South, Central, and West Asia.The country and its neighbors harbor different types of snakes, cobras, crocodiles, and sea turtles. Iran’s Lut desert is home to the hottest recorded spot on the earth’s surface according to NASA’s satellite data of land surface temperature. The region often experiences Earth’s highest land surface temperatures: a temperature of 70.7C has been recorded within the property. Collected data between 2010 and 2013 shows a steady increase in both national tourists as well as international tourists. The Lut Desert is a huge dry salt lake in the south east of Iran which is about 480x320 kilometers in area. & Shafiee, S.M. Three agencies principally share conservation and management responsibility for the property, namely the Forests, Range and Watershed Management Organization; Iranian Department of Environment; and the Iran Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization (ICHHTO). The property is situated in the Bubo-Sindian phytogeographic region of Iran. Many of these objects are thought to have been created four to five millennia ago, as some of the world’s first cities were being formed. We still had to drive for almost one hour from our camp to the desert, so we took a quick shower and went straight to our car; we would have some time for breakfast on the way back. In Persian language “Lut” refers to bare land without water and devoid of vegetation. As well as being a trade route from east to west, the city of Khabis was instrumental in connecting the north and south of modern day Iran. The challenging abiotic conditions of the property, in conjunction with a dispersed and limited abundance of vegetation, has resulted in the property’s fauna adapting their behavioural, physiological and/or morphological characteristics. A variety of small scale evaporite landforms develop, especially along the edges of the Shur River where white crystalline pools are a widespread feature. Important programmes are approved by the National Strategic … Geotourism resources of Iran. Iran 90 contributions 1,037 helpful votes +1. An extensive, black stony desert covers the basaltic Gandom Beryan plateau in the northwest of the core zone. Much of the property receives less than 100 mm of precipitation annually. What is a desert? Please check the website for the most up-to-date prices and any special offers. The Alborz mountains, in northern Iran, have a number of high-altitude and popular ski resorts with excellent snow ideal for skiing. 1968 - 1977: The first archaeological digs begin around Shahdad, revealing several burial sites; 1994: Archaeological digs continue, focusing on suspected residential areas rather than burial sites; 2011 – 2013: The latest archaeological digs are done within the vicinity of the property; The vast majority of the property is state owned. lut desert population Two Days Desert Tour 2 Days Lout Desert Tour Program Certainly, Kerman's deserts have so many attractions and beauties that you can't visit all in one day. Menu. Südwestlich liegt das Zagros-Gebirge, das zur Aridität beiträgt.Im Norden schließt sich die zweite große iranische Wüste, die Kawir an. Tabas is best known as Aroos-e Kavir (meaning the bride of desert). Additionally, the property also contains distinctive salt pans, stone pavements and the lava covered Gandom Beryan plateau. ), in the northeast of the yardangs region, while the highest point, at the sand dunes of Rig-e Yallan, reaches 475 metres a.s.l. The wind also strips hard rocky outcrops bare of soil, which leaves extensive stony desert pavements (hamada) with sand-blasted faceted stones (ventifacts) across about 12% of the area. The property experiences the highest levels of precipitation between January and February and is highly variable between the meteorological stations – Ziyartagh-e sayf has average monthly maximums of 6.8 mm in January, whereas Nehbandan, just outside the buffer zone, experiences 29.8 mm. In addition, increasing tourism (with camping, off-road activities, film production, and pollution) also threatens the Lut Desert, and result in even greater ecological destruction. Between June and October, this arid subtropical area is swept by strong winds, which transport sediment and cause aeolian erosion on a colossal scale. Goudie, A. Yardangs cover about one third of the area and are developed in consolidated lacustrine sediments (sands, silts, marls, evaporites) of mainly Plio-Pleistocene age that accumulated on the floor of the inland basin. The northern boundary of Lut to the Tabas ‘Nayband and Birjand heights’ is the eastern limit to Nusrat Abbas and in the west to Ravar and Shahdad and the southern limit to Narmashir, Reagan and Mount Bazman. Das entspricht knapp der Fläche der gesamten USA oder etwa der 26-fachen Fläche Deutschlands. Exhausted after a 5½-hour long bus journey, we decided to settle for the first cheap hotel that … It is the world’s 27th-largest desert and was inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List on July 17, 2016. The Darband-e Ravar “wildlife refuge” in the northwest partially overlaps with the area but the Bobolab “no hunting” area in the southeast only overlaps with the buffer zone. Desert is one of the most attractive aspects of nature and exploring vast deserts of the world is an amazing part of tourism. It stretches about 480 kilometers (300 mi) long and 320 kilometers (200 mi) wide. The largest incoming river, the Rud-e Shur, drains a catchment to the north of the area. Other distinct landforms include compound crescentic dunes, crescentic ridges, star dunes and complex linear dunes. Found over about 4 % of the hottest place on earth is 70.7 Celsius and! Increase in both national tourists as well as the staff headquarters for the and. 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